The responsibility to pay council tax normally falls to one or more adults who are solely or mainly resident in a property.
The Liable Person
Where there is more than one person living in a house the liable person will be either
- resident freeholder (for owner-occupied properties, the owner will be liable)
- resident leaseholder
- resident statutory/secure tenant
- resident licensee
Husbands and wives, and unmarried couples living together are both responsible for paying the bill. People who are joint owners or joint tenants are also jointly liable, whether or not they are shown on the bill.
Where there is no resident in the property the owner is liable. The owner is also liable, instead of the residents, for certain prescribed classes of dwellings including:
- Class A: residential care homes, nursing homes and some hostels
- Class B: properties lived in by religious communities (such as monasteries and convents)
- Class C: properties occupied by more than one household where the residents share certain facilities such as a kitchen or bathroom
- Class D: properties which are not the owner's main home, but which are the main home of someone whom the owner employs in domestic service
- Class E: properties lived in by ministers of religion
- Class F: properties provided to an asylum seeker under Section 95 of the Immigration & Asylum Act 1999